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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
July-December 2020
Volume 5 | Issue 2
Page Nos. 1-16

Online since Friday, January 29, 2021

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BRIEF COMMUNICATION  

My experience of the Corona Pandemic in London p. 1
Priya Modi
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_9_20  
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES Top

Effectiveness of an indigenous paste in reducing plaque and gingivitis in patients with Mild-to-Moderate Gingivitis – A randomized controlled trial p. 3
Karina S Chachlani, Arun Suresh Dodamani, Prashanth Yachrappa Vishwakarma, Gaurao Vasant Mali, Vardhaman Mulchand Jain, Anagha Agrawal
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_2_20  
Background: Dental plaque has been known to be a reservoir of microorganisms and is considered as an etiological factor in the development of gingivitis and periodontal diseases. The aim is to evaluate the in vivo efficacy of a homemade indigenous paste using natural ingredients on plaque accumulation and gingivitis among adults at baseline, 7th day, 14th day, and 21st day. Materials and Methods: The present study is a randomized controlled trial and consisted of 30 participants of the age group 18–40 years. Participants were randomly divided into two groups of 15 each. Group A (indigenous paste group) and Group B (control group) participants were given oral hygiene instructions and were demonstrated a modified bass brushing technique. Data were collected using plaque index (PlI) and gingival index (GI) for both the groups at baseline, 7th day, 14th day, and 21st day. Results: The mean PlI scores and GI scores gradually decreased in both the groups on subsequent follow-ups. Conclusion: The present study showed a significant reduction in plaque in the indigenous paste group.
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Assessment of sterilization practices among orthodontists p. 5
Prasad Anil Borole, Amit Maheshwari, Veerendra Kerudi, Mrunal Aley, Shobhit Saxena, Yogesh Phalak
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_4_20  
Background: Orthodontists do not perform surgical procedures, nevertheless they are obliged to practice appropriate sterilization techniques to prevent cross-infection. This is also important from an ethical and legal point of view. The aim of the present study is to evacuate the compliance of orthodontists to infection control procedures in Khandesh region, Maharashtra. Methodology: A questionnaire with 20 items was delivered by E-mail to a total of 271 orthodontists/residents from Khandesh region, Maharashtra. The data collected from the survey was analyzed using IBM SPSS statistics 22 software. Results: Nearly 93.4% of the responders believed that autoclave is the best method of sterilization, 59% of the responders think that dry heat is the best for sterilization, while 50.9% of the responders think about cold chemical and 60.5% about ethylene oxide. Many responders preferred the multiple options. Conclusion: Infection control procedures in the field of orthodontics must be improved in India. Training on compliance with the infection control principles should be included in education programs and these programs should be repeated on a regular basis.
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Effectiveness of sodium bicarbonate solution on dentinal hypersensitivity: A randomized controlled trial p. 7
Sanjana Girish Patil, Arun Suresh Dodamani, Prashanth Yachrappa Vishwakarma, Anagha Agrawal, Vrushali Ramdas Khobragade, Shantanu Satish Deshmukh
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_5_20  
Introduction: Dentinal hypersensitivity has been defined as a short, sharp pain arising from exposed dentine as a result of various stimuli such as heat, cold, chemical, or osmotic, that cannot be ascribed to any other pathology. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted among thirty individuals with mild-to-moderate dentinal hypersensitivity. Each participant in the study group was asked to rinse the mouth twice a day by sodium bicarbonate (SB) solution for 14 days and each participant in the control group was asked to rinse the mouth with Listerine sensitivity mouth rinse for 14 days. Dentinal hypersensitivity was evaluated by air blasting method and measured by Visual Analog Scale. Results: On comparison between the study and control groups, the hypersensitivity was comparatively more reduced in the control group by the 7th day, but by the 14th day, there was comparatively more reduction of hypersensitivity in the study group. Conclusion: The present study concludes that SB mouth rinse is effective in decreasing dentinal hypersensitivity.
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REVIEW ARTICLES Top

A review on survival rate of dental implants placed at sites postimplant failure p. 9
H Juneja Firdaus, A Gandhewar Mahesh, M Nagaral Suresh, Girija Dodamani, N Walele Afraz, AH Khan Rafa, Bhagyashri Bachate
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_7_20  
Dental implant failures occur occasionally, and clinicians may hesitate to perform a second implantation because of the uncertain prognosis. The survival rate of retreated implants is lower than that generally reported after initial implant placement. The purpose of this review was to examine the survival rate of implants placed at sites which had an implant failure and to investigate factors that might affect outcomes after retreatment.
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COVID-19 and diabetes mellitus p. 11
Mayuri Nepale, Prashanth Yachrappa Vishwakarma, Arun Suresh Dodamani, Prachi Mukund Ray, Vrushali Ramdas Khobragade, Rahul Nivrutti Deokar, Rafat Abdul Hai Khan
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_3_20  
A novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, was identified as the pathogen causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China, in 2019. On March 11, 2020, COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. Individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, and severe obesity (body mass index, 40 kg/m2) are more likely to be infected and are at a higher risk for complications and death from COVID-19. Considering the high proportion of critically ill patients with diabetes or hyperglycemia, the difficulty for treatment, and high mortality rate, effective diabetes management under epidemic conditions is extremely important. In order to increase disease awareness and improve the prognosis and outcome of patients with diabetes, better understanding of the etiological associations between COVID-19 and diabetes is needed.
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How does dental implant shape, diameter, length impact its success rate? – A review of literature p. 13
AH Khan Rafat, M Nagaral Suresh, A Gandhewar Mahesh, Girija Dodamani, Gadge Hemant, Ronad Sunil, H Juneja Firdaus
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_8_20  
Dental implants have greatly evolved over the past 20 years. Understanding and using biomechanical theories that affect endosseous implant design may improve the success of these implants in various load conditions and may allow the clinician to better apply these guidelines, with an improvement in success rates. This review attempts to integrate information available in the dental literature and address current controversies and issues in selecting the diameter, length, and shapes of dental implants.
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Wound healing around dental implants – A review of literature p. 15
Bhagyashri Bachate, A Gandhewar Mahesh, M Nagaral Suresh, Girija Dodamani, Ronad Sunil, Gadge Hemant, AH Khan Rafat
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_6_20  
The early stage of dental peri-implant wound healing is very important and involves the body's initial response to a foreign material: protein adsorption, platelet activation, coagulation, and inflammation. This results in the formation of a stable fibrin clot that is a depot for growth factors and allows for osteoconduction. Dental implants are believed to be critical in developing biologic design criteria for implant surfaces. This review article shows that treatment outcomes in dental implantology will be critically dependent on proper wound healing.
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